By Sacha C. Jones, Brian A. Stewart
Bringing jointly archaeological, paleoenvironmental, paleontological and genetic facts, this ebook makes a primary try to reconstruct African inhabitants histories from out species' evolution to the Holocene. Africa in the course of Marine Isotope levels (MIS) 6 to two (~190-12,000 years in the past) witnessed the organic improvement and behavioral florescence of our species. smooth human inhabitants dynamics, which concerned a number of inhabitants expansions, dispersals, contractions and extinctions, performed a crucial position in our species’ evolutionary trajectory. up to now, the demographic techniques – sleek human inhabitants sizes, distributions and routine – that happened inside Africa in this serious interval were continuously under-addressed.
The authors of this quantity goal at (1) interpreting the effect of this glacial-interglacial- glacial cycle on human team sizes, routine and distributions all through Africa; (2) investigating the macro- and micro-evolutionary strategies underpinning our species’ anatomical and behavioral evolution; and (3) surroundings an time table wherein Africa can take advantage of, and at last give a contribution to, the more and more refined theoretical and methodological palaeodemographic frameworks constructed on different continents.
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Additional info for Africa from MIS 6-2: Population Dynamics and Paleoenvironments
Marked contrasts between MSA and Late Stone Age (LSA) midden compositions have been reported, and the signiﬁcance of these differences has been debated (Parkington 2003; Klein et al. 2004). In the African context, the speciﬁc role of the continental margins as “refugia” during periods of aridity within the continental interior has been highlighted in various studies (Walter et al. 2000; Faure et al. 2002; Hetherington et al. 2008; Compton 2011). , Scholz et al. 2007; Castañeda et al. 2009) the continental Quaternary paleoclimatic record is sparse and geomorphic evidence of paleo-aridity in particular has proved difﬁcult to interpret (Chase 2009; Thomas and Burroughs 2012; Burrough 2016).
2013). The archaeology of Australia’s deserts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Smith, M. , Williams, A. , Turney, C. S. , & Cupper, M. L. (2008). Human-environment interactions in Australian drylands: Exploratory time-series analysis of archaeological records. The Holocene, 18(3), 389–401. , & Richards, M. B. (2016). A genetic perspective on African prehistory. In S. C. Jones & B. A. ), Africa from MIS 6-2: Population dynamics and paleoenvironments (pp. 383–405). Dordrecht: Springer. Steele, T.
2002). Given the region’s apparent tectonic stability (Roberts et al. 2012), this is probably a reasonable approximation for the southern Cape during the middle and late Quaternary (Ramsay and Cooper 2002; Compton 2011). Sea level change of this magnitude would have expanded the coastal platform by as much as *50,000 km2 during sea level lowstands (Fig. 2). Sea Level Change, Site Formation and Site Occupation Evidence from the MSA deposits of Pinnacle Point Cave 13b implies that fluctuating marine resource use during MIS 6 was correlated with eustatic sea level fluctuations (Marean et al.