A Prosodic Model of Sign Language Phonology by Diane Brentari

By Diane Brentari

This publication is meant partly to supply linguists and cognitive scientists who don't know signal language with some degree of access into the research of signal language phonology. whilst, it offers a accomplished concept of American signal Language (ASL) phonology, whereas reviewing and development on replacement theories. One declare of this theoretical framework is that, as a result of signal language's visual/gestural phonetic foundation, the consonant-like devices and vowel-like devices are expressed at the same time with each other, instead of sequentially as in spoken languages. A moment declare is that events function because the most simple prosodic devices of the language. the writer is anxious to teach either the similarities and alterations among signed and spoken languages, and to point a few instructions for destiny paintings in cognitive technological know-how that may be derived from her phonological version.

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These forms have been given a segmental analysis, but in chapters 5 and 6 I will propose an analysis that includes both syntagmatic and paradigmatic components. < previous page page_11 If you like this book, buy it! 8 The ASL manual alphabet. Reprinted with permission from A Basic Course in American Sign Language, Second Edition, by T. Humphries, C. Padden, and T. J. O'Rourke. Copyright 1994. T. J. , Silver Spring, Md. < previous page page_12 If you like this book, buy it! 9 Two signs showing the operation of reduplication in nominalization: CLOSEWINDOW/WINDOW.

13 shows the difference in direction of the path movement between a < previous page page_16 If you like this book, buy it! 13 REQUEST is considered a "backward" agreement verb, in which the initial and final loci refer to grammatical object and subject, respectively. verb (HELP) exhibiting typical (or forward) agreement and a verb (REQUEST) exhibiting backward agreement (Padden 1983; Kegl 1985; Brentari 1988; Meir 1995). Sentences exemplifying these types of verbs are given in (5)-(7). A case where the spatial and person systems of reference are mixed is shown in (8); here, the locus at the end of GO-TO is the same as the locus at the end of HELP, even though in the first case it expresses spatial agreement, and in the second case it expresses person agreement.

Radioulnar pivot l-axial (orientation D) distal radioulnar pivot 1-axial (orientation D) wrist radiocarpal ovoid 2-axial (orientation D) fingers metacarpophalangealovoid 2-axial (handshape D) prox. interphalangeal hinge 1-axial (handshape D) distal interphalangeal hinge l-axial (handshape D) forearm The names and types of joints are of more anatomical and physiological interest than phonological interest. What is of phonological interest is that movements of signs can be executed in similar manners by a number of joints of the hand and arm.

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