Administering targeted social programs in Latin America: by Margaret E. Grosh

By Margaret E. Grosh

This booklet comprises case stories of 30 social courses from eleven Latin American international locations and offers priceless classes approximately concentrating on quite a number social courses. those companies contain the supply of faculty lunches, nutrition stamps, day care, pupil relief, money funds, unemployment advice, housing mortgages, and foodstuff commodities and subsidies. details is equipped at the management charges, standards, and strategies for concentrating on social prone. Case via case, the publication exhibits how the various courses controlled to stability carrier advancements opposed to the rate of concentrating on to lead them to inexpensive. It additionally describes the most typical focusing on equipment and identifies which programmes used them and why.

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In addition to its effective targeting to the rural poor who have a weak political voice, one may speculate about the role of other factors. The program was new, having been initiated by the previous administration. Thus, it might have been viewed as something of a stepchild by the incoming government of the opposition party. Moreover, its very newness implies that the beneficiaries may not have had time to consider the program to be part of their "rights" under the basic social contract. This presumably contributed to the quiescent acceptance of the withdrawal of the program.

Page 15 3 Methods for Judging Outcomes To judge whether the benefit of a good targeting outcome is worth the administrative, incentive or political economy costs incurred in achieving it, it is necessary to measure these costs and benefits and to weigh them against one another. Because the focus of this study is on program administration and its link to targeting outcomes, this chapter will discuss only how to measure administrative costs and targeting outcomes. The first two sections explain these in some detail.

A basic health intervention may have as the target group those who are sick. A safety net program may aim to reach those who are poor. A program with hybrid objectives may aim to reach those among the poor who are sick. In evaluating programs, for maximum accuracy, it is important to distinguish clearly whether they are aimed at the sick, the poor or the poor who are sick (with obvious parallels for nutrition and education). Here, however, the target group is taken to be the poor. Note 1. An earlier version of this study, Latin America and the Caribbean Technical Department, Regional Studies Program, Report #215, in Spanish is available from the World Bank Latin America and the Caribbean Information Center.

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