A grammar of Logba (Ikpana) by Kofi Dorvlo

By Kofi Dorvlo

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Additional info for A grammar of Logba (Ikpana)

Sample text

It also occurs as a second consonant in a CCV consonant cluster when the first consonant is a grave sound. This is attested in the following examples: 30. agblenú la lɛ lɔ ‘hoe’ ‘beat’ ‘buy’ ‘weed’ agbíglɔmɔ gla kla mla ‘spider’ ‘pour’ ‘hide’ ‘bring’ Chapter 2 20 lí wlíwlí yayí ‘hold’ ‘small parts’ ‘search’ alá ɔhlɔyí yíré ‘scorpion’ ‘throat’ ‘wait’ The 3rd Person Singular Object Pronoun is lɛ or le depending on the [ATR] value of the vowel in the verb root. In fast speech, Tota dialect speakers elide the /l/.

The affixes have the same value based on the [ATR] value of the root. The spread is bidirectional. That is, from the verb and moves regressively to the bound form of the subject pronoun and from the verb to the bound form of the object pronoun. Example (98) shows [+ATR] harmony spread on the suffix and the prefix and (99), (100) and (101) illustrate [–ATR] harmony spread on the prefix and the suffix of the verb. (99) is an example of a multi syllabic verb with a combination of [+ATR] and [–ATR] vowels in the verb stem.

Look’ has [+ATR] mid vowels and the subject marker is a prefix /o/. 49. Ebitsi é óbodze akpaiva nu. 06] Stems with [-ATR] mid vowels in the stem vowel trigger [-ATR] affixes. In (50), the verb stem zɔ́ ‘go’ has the prefix /ɔ/. 50. Ee! Yɛ ɔ́zɔ́… ee! yɛ ɔ́ -zɔ́ Yes! CONJ 3SG-go ‘Yes! 49] All stems in which there is either [+ATR] or [-ATR] mid vowels take affixes containing /a/ /i/ and /u/. The following words in (51a) and (51b) illustrate this. 51a. [+ATR] a-fé ‘comb’ a-lo ‘or’ u-gbe ‘voice’ i-té ‘front’ 51b.

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