A Concise Introduction to Syntactic Theory: The by Elizabeth A. Cowper

By Elizabeth A. Cowper

This textbook is meant to offer scholars a brief begin in utilizing idea to deal with syntactic questions. At every one level, Cowper is cautious to introduce a theoretical gear that's not more complicated than is needed to accommodate the phenomenon into account. entire and updated, this obtainable quantity also will supply a superb refresher for linguists returning to the research of Government-Binding theory". Cowper indicates the analytical units of present principles-and-parameters ways, takes readers conscientiously during the relevant components of grammatical thought (including very contemporary work), and ushers them selectively into the technical literature. . . . a major advent if you happen to need to know the nuts and bolts of syntactic thought and to work out why linguists are so excited those days". -David Lightfoot, college of Maryland "An very good brief advent to the govt. and Binding version of syntactic concept. . . . Cowper's paintings succeeds in instructing syntactic argumentation and in displaying the conceptual purposes at the back of particular proposals in smooth syntactic theory". -Jaklin Kornfilt, Syracuse college

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One =: big fuzzy pink rabbit) b. that little one. (one =: fuzzy pink rabbit) Categories and Phrase Structure 29 that little shiny one. (one == pink rabbit) that little shiny blue one. (one == rabbit) c. d. If we assume that one can only replace material which forms an N' constituent, then the structure of the noun phrase in (47) must be: NP (48) ~ DET N' this ~ AP N' big ~ AP fuzzy N' ~ AP pink N' I N rabbit Now consider the sentences in (49). (49) I know that man with the bald head in the living room on the sofa, not a.

C. d. 31 NP ~ DET N' N' ~ N (PP) (for argument PP's) N' ~ N' (PP) N' ~ (AP) N' Rules (53b) and (53c) can be collapsed into one using the brace notation, as shown in (54). (54) N' - {~, t P We have determined that the English noun phrase has a hierarchical structure and that the intermediate node, N', can occur more than once in the structure of a particular noun phrase. We have also determined, from the behavior of the English pronoun one, that N' and N must be distinct levels. One substitutes for N', but not for N.

Susie rolled down the hill. The rock rolled down the hill. In (18a), Susie can be the agent, as well as the theme, of the verb roll, while in (18b), the rock is only the theme. It seems that the intransitive verb roll allows its subject to be either a theme or a theme/agent. While the choice is largely governed by the nature of the subject noun phrase, it is fair to say that the intransitive verb roll optionally assigns the thematic relation of agent to its subject. Any adequate theory of thematic relations will have to answer the following questions: 1.

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