Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar by J. H. Allen, J. B. Greenough

By J. H. Allen, J. B. Greenough

A venerable source for greater than a century, Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar continues to be appeared via scholars and academics because the most interesting Latin reference grammar on hand. Concise, finished, and good prepared, it really is unmatched intensive and readability, putting a wealth of recommendation on utilization, vocabulary, diction, composition, and syntax inside effortless achieve of Latin students in any respect levels.

This sourcebook's three-part remedy starts off with phrases and varieties, protecting elements of speech, declensions, and conjugations. the second one half, syntax, explores situations, moods, and tenses. The concluding part deals details on archaic usages, Latin verse, and prose composition, between different topics. wide appendixes function a thesaurus of phrases and indexes. scholars of historical past, faith, and literature will locate lasting price during this modestly priced variation of a vintage advisor to Latin.

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Consider the Serbo-Croatian sentences in (63) and (64), for instance. 27 (63) Serbo-Croatian (from Bosˇkovic´ 2000, 2002) a. Ko sˇta kupuje? who what buys b. *Ko kupuje sˇta? ’ (64) Serbo-Croatian (from Bosˇkovic´ 1999, 2002) a. *Sˇta sˇta uslovljava? what what conditions b. Sˇta uslovljava sˇta? ’ c. Sˇta neprestano sˇta uslovljava? what constantly what conditions d. Sˇta neprestano uslovljava sˇta? 28 (65) [sˇta sˇta i uslovljava sˇta i ] Bosˇkovic´ (2002) presents compelling evidence for this approach by showing that comparable instances of ‘‘exceptional’’ wh-in-situ in Romanian, as illustrated in (66b), are able to license parasitic gaps, as shown in (67).

54) a. [we talked [ PP about [ DP the [NP claim [CP that Mary will hire Peter]]]] i yesterday [ PP about [ DP the [NP claim [CP that Mary will hire Peter]]]] i ] 30 Chapter 1 b. 2 regarding nondistinctiveness and linearization, the complementary deletion operations of Wilder’s Chain-Internal Selective Deletion are required by linearization considerations: if some constituent of the PP chain in (54a) appears in both links, the structure cannot be linearized in accordance with the LCA and the derivation is canceled.

CP . . [CP #[C 0 #[C 0 #[C 0 #[C 0 WH i WH i WH i WH i [C 0 [C 0 [C 0 [C 0 C 0 ]#] C 0 ]#] C 0 ]#] C 0 ]#] [TP [TP [TP [TP . . WH i . . WH i . . WH i . . WH i . . ]]] . . ]]] . . ]]] . . 2, a structure containing a nontrivial chain cannot be linearized in accordance with the LCA; since the chain links are nondistinct, they induce violations of the asymmetry and irreflexivity conditions on linear order. By deleting chain links, Chain Reduction circumvents this problem and allows structures containing chains to be properly linearized.

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