Agricultural Development in Tanganyika by Hans Ruthenberg

By Hans Ruthenberg

In early 1961 the Ho-Institut fur Wirtschaftsforschung (Ho-Institute for fiscal learn) validated an "African reviews Centre" with the aid of the Fritz-Thyssen-Foundation to behavior examine into the commercial and political difficulties of constructing nations, with spe cial connection with the African countries. via investigations into thestructure and clients of improvement within the constructing nations, the experiences Centre will goal at contributing in the direction of the construction of a genuine basis, at the foundation of which the Federal Republic's improve ment coverage should be performed successfully. during this "age of improvement" the social and financial sciences are faced with manifold initiatives. In fixing those, interdisciplinary co operation will end up beneficial or even crucial, if unsuitable and slim decisions are to be kept away from. Co-operation among scientists and institutes engaged in several branches of analysis will make attainable a greater und er status of the advanced sensible courting which verify monetary occasions and their mutations open air Western commercial society than can be quite often completed by means of an remoted strategy. clever total financial making plans, for instance, calls for technological research simply up to an exact wisdom of social constitution or actual context. At this aspect the economist needs to co-operate heavily with the engineer if he needs to prevent wasting his approach in most cases styles of development. For, "des lors que nous parions (du developpement) en quantites globales, nous ne parions de rien" (LoUIs ]OSEPH LEBRET).

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38 per cent of all wages earned by Africans were paid by them. Their contribution to the tax revenues is of great importance. This does not me an that all the estates are weIl run. The acquisition of land in Tanganyika has frequently been motivated by speculative considerations. After two world wars requisitioned German holdings were relatively cheap. It was not only the experienced farmer who took advantage of this. Some estates are so small that one can hardly speak of large-scale production.

Kilimanjaro was started by Catholic missionaries. During the last decade of the German administration, pe asant production was systematically furthered and supported by extensive investments in research. Under British administration, and especially in the years 19501960, it made rapid progress. During this time a small number of welltrained agriculturalists in colonial service, assisted materially and financially by development aid from Britain and encouraged by the results achieved in Kenya and Rhodesia, worked with visible success towards improving the output of African farms.

Grass is cut and formed in squares of 2 ft. by 6 ft. The surrounding soil is then hoed onto the squares. This results in a row of such squares, alternating with holes in the ground. Maize, millet, wheat, etc. are planted on these grass squares. Weeds, plant refuse etc. are thrown into the holes and provide compost for the following year. On the spot where the hole was located, a new pile is built, using the soil from the surrounding piles, the plant material in the hole serving as an underlying fertilizer.

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