A Unified Theory of Verbal and Nominal Projections by Yoshiki Ogawa

By Yoshiki Ogawa

Syntactically talking, it has lengthy been recognized that noun words are parallel to clauses in lots of respects. whereas such a lot syntactic theories include this precept, nouns have ordinarily been considered as not as good as verbs when it comes to their licensing talents, and nominal projections were considered as much less complicated than verbal projections when it comes to the variety of sensible different types that they comprise. Ogawa, even though, argues that clauses and noun words are completely parallel. This ebook presents a unified conception of clauses and noun words, eventually aiding to simplify a variety of thorny matters within the syntax/morphology interface.

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Sample text

Then, whatever explanation is given to the fact in (50b) will be applied to (49a-c), as well. In fact, given Watanabe's (1993) claim that the embedded topicalization involves a recursive CP structure, the fact in (49) is also compatible with the claim that overt V-to-I does not take place, since what is implemented in (49a-c), can be overt V-to-C (I will show shortly that this is indeed the case). Hence, we will ignore these facts in what follows. The second difference between the Mainland Scandinavian languages (MSLs) and the Germanic SOV languages, which is a real difference between Verb Raising and Null Complementizers 39 them, is the fact that without embedded topicalization, the null C is permitted in a complement clause even without the V-to-C in an embedded clause.

C. Vi vet *(at) disse b kene leste han aldri. ' (Danish) (Swedish) (Norwegian) Judging from the presence of an overt C in these examples, one might be forced to assume that the topic phrases here are in [Spec, I], with the finite verb being raised to Infl. This amounts to the assimilation of the paradigm in these languages with the one in Frisian. However, putting aside the apparent V-to-I for the moment, the obligatoriness of an overt C in the presence of embedded topicalization is also found in English.

However, if a finite verb could be basegenerated in the embedded C, we would not rule out (64a) by the constraint. However, it is not implausible to assume that the base-generation of an overt V in an C°-adjoined position is a root phenomenon, because the C head in an Verb Raising and Null Complementizers 43 embedded clause must meet the selectional requirement of the selecting verb. 22 Then, the null C must adjoin to the matrix verb that raises to the matrix C, and a violation of condition (5) is inevitable.

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