A Tonal Grammar of Kwanyama (Namibian African studies) by Riikka Halme

By Riikka Halme

Kwanyama ('Oshikwanyama' in keeping with the legit Namibian ordinary) is a Wambo language, and correspondingly belongs to the Bantu languages. it's spoken by means of excess of part 1000000 humans in South Angola and Namibia.
Certainly this quantity comprises the audio system of alternative closely-related Wambo forms in Angola. those languages were studied quite little, and the research in their tonal structures has been relatively ignored. the current ebook is the 1st caricature of Kwanyama grammar with a scientific account on tone. the most objective is to supply an research of the tonal approach of this language. accordingly the research discusses either the lexical tone, i.e. tone as an inherent estate of a lexeme, and the grammatical tone wich marks grammatical houses. the writer lived in a Kwanyama-speaking group in Angola for roughly part a 12 months and had the chance there to enhance her linguistic competence. As a researcher she retains to the culture of Generative Phonology within the feel that there are ideas that take the tone styles from the underlying illustration to a binary floor illustration, i.e. tonemes. which will support the reader to stick to the argumentation of the tonal research, this ebook is organised in this sort of approach that the segmental and tonal degrees are mentioned individually, via discussions on tone in nouns, verbs and minor notice different types. After that, the learn is expounded to the broader context of study on Guthrie's staff R languages, specifically the Wambo languages. eventually, the reader reveals nominal and verbal paradigms in addition to a few texts, and a vocabulary Kwanyama-Englisch containing approximately 6,000 entries.

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The findings of this research point to important possibilities that linguistic categories are not autonomous from general conceptual organization and processing mechanisms. So what are generative linguists thinking of when they argue that there is much evidence from cognitive psychology that supports the autonomy of language view? I briefly describe below some of the evidence that is thought to favor the autonomy of language, or modularity, view because its existence is seen by some linguists as removing the need for any subfield of linguistics called cognitive linguistics.

1987 Women, fire and dangerous things: What categories reveal about the mind. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1: 39-74. 1993 "Convergence zones and conceptual structure" (Commentary on: Antonio Damasio and Daniel Tranel: Nouns and verbs are retrieved with differently distributed neural systems), Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (to appear). Langacker, Ronald W. 1987 Foundations of cognitive grammar. Vol. I: Theoretical prerequisites. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

This last line struck a very sensitive nerve in some of the people who responded to my message (the purpose of which, again, was to inform people about the 2nd ICLA conference held at the University of California, Santa Cruz, in the summer of 1991, not to start a full-blown debate). Various people complained that linguistics has always been cognitive and that research in other cognitive disciplines confirms many of the ideas touted by generative linguists, particularly in regard to the autonomy of language from cognition (cf.

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