By McWhorter, John; Good, Jeff
Read or Download A Grammar of Saramaccan Creole PDF
Similar grammar books
In crafty Sentences: Syntax as Style,Virginia Tufte exhibits how commonplace sentence styles and varieties give a contribution to which means and paintings in additional than 1000 terrific sentences from the 20 th and twenty-first centuries. The booklet has distinctive curiosity for aspiring writers, scholars of literature and language, and an individual who reveals pleasure in interpreting and writing.
Sleek Dutch Grammar: a realistic consultant is an cutting edge reference advisor to Dutch, combining conventional and function-based grammar in one quantity. With a powerful emphasis on modern utilization, all grammar issues and features are richly illustrated with examples.
The Grammar is split into components. half I covers conventional grammatical different types comparable to nouns and verbs. half II is punctiliously prepared round language services and contexts such as:
Giving and looking details Describing techniques and effects Expressing attitudes, psychological states and feelings Registers and magnificence Formal and casual verbal exchange, e. g. early life talk
Main positive aspects of the Grammar include:
• transparent, succinct and jargon-free reasons
• large cross-referencing among the various sections
• Emphasis on parts of specific hassle for inexperienced persons of Dutch
This is the perfect reference grammar for inexperienced persons of Dutch in any respect degrees, from simple to complicated; no past wisdom of grammatical terminology is believed and it offers indices of grammatical phrases and services. This Grammar is complemented by means of a better half site that includes similar routines and actions to enhance studying.
Solidarity in English is anxious with a comparatively missed a part of the linguistic approach: its assets for textual content development, the variety of meanings which are speciffically linked to referring to what's being spoken or written to its semantic atmosphere. A primary component to those assets is 'cohesion'.
Ce cahier dexercices sadresse à des apprenants de niveau débutant à fake débutants en français. Il présente des activités dentraînement correspondant au niveau A1 du Cadre Européen commun de référence pour les langues.
- Word Frequency and Lexical Diffusion
- A Concise English-Interlingua Dictionary + Short Interlingua Grammar and Vocabulary
- Diachronic Pragmatics: Seven Case Studies in English Illocutionary Development
- The Linguistics Enterprise: From knowledge of language to knowledge in linguistics (Linguistik Aktuell Linguistics Today)
- Automated Grammatical Error Detection for Language Learners
Extra info for A Grammar of Saramaccan Creole
3. Lexical strata A noteworthy feature of the Saramaccan lexicon which we will not explore in detail here, but which is worth pointing out at least briefly, is the apparent “layering” of different strata of vocabulary. Historically speaking, some of these strata are no doubt the result of Saramaccan’s origins as a contact language and its acquisition of vocabulary from a range of source languages: English, Portuguese, Gbe languages, western Bantu languages, Dutch, Sranan, Amerindian languages, etc.
Therefore, there are not major secondary cues for nasalization. The specific perception of weak nasalization word-finally may also be due to the frequent presence of a degree of devoicing in this position in elicitation contexts, which reduces perceptual cues to vowel distinctions more generally. When appearing preconsonantally, nasalized vowels (again, to the ear of a native English speaker) are somewhat easier to perceive since they typically sound like NC sequences. , and we have found this as well, at least to a limited extent, when words are carefully articulated.
Plain nasals and prenasalized stops and mid vowels: As mentioned in the discussion of mb and nd above, there is a restriction on word-initial nasal-vowel sequences where, for those speakers distinguishing between prenasalized stops and plain nasals word-initially, before the high mid vowels e and o one finds only prenasalized stops, while before the low mid vowels ѓ and э one finds only plain nasals. Thus, for example, for at least some speakers/dialects, one finds word pairs like mbéti ‘animal’ vs.