A Grammar of Bilua: A Papuan Language of the Solomon Islands by Kazuko Obata

By Kazuko Obata

This grammar of Bilua, a revision of the author's PhD thesis, is the 1st complete description of the language. Bilua is spoken on Vella los angeles Vella island within the Western Province of the Solomon Islands. in response to the 1976 census there are approximately eighty five vernacular languages indigenous to the Solomon Islands. the vast majority of those are Austronesian, yet between them are 4 Papuan languages, one in every of that is Bilua.

The grammar provided this is in accordance with the dialect of the Bilua sector, that is considered as general via local community, most likely simply because Methodist missionaries who arrived early within the 20th century seemed it because the language of the island.

In the previous, the Austronesian language Roviana used to be used as a lingua franca within the quarter and so older humans on Vella l. a. Vella converse Roviana in addition to Bilua. notwithstanding, the position of Roviana has been taken over by way of Solomon Islands Pidgin that is utilized in fundamental faculties and in church ceremonies that are relevant to the lives of individuals in Vella los angeles Vella. there's a excessive fee of intermarriage among Vella l. a. Vella humans and folks from different islands and combined converse in Bilua, Pidgin, or one of many different Solomons languages. Pidgin phrases are combined into Bilua and occasionally humans change from one language to a different of their speech. hence the Bilua language is altering as a result impression of Pidgin, and, even supposing the inhabitants of Vella los angeles Vella is expanding quickly, Bilua is endangered.

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Extra info for A Grammar of Bilua: A Papuan Language of the Solomon Islands (Pacific Linguistics)

Sample text

Argument Structure in Nuuchahnulth Possessive (40) 27 POSSESSOR (SPEAKER) IS AFFECTED åuuk§iiîåatuksa naniiqsakitqs, Êi„aqÇåis. 3 Local topicality In addition to the above factors, ‘local or contextual topicality’ correlates with selection of a possessive construction. ‘Local topicality’ has to do with closeness to the center of the attention in a given context. Compare examples (42) and (43) below: (42) TOPIC = I (SPEAKER) òayuqåiÖòåaÇits q§iyaakiis qaò¢iÇ åumåiiqsu. ’ [CL 39] The possessive construction in (42) occurs in a clause that modifies the main clause òayuqåiÖòåaÇits (‘I was ten years old’).

3. Telic The aspect (or Aktionsart) marker {-zhuo2} connoting various aspectual meanings and affixed to verbs is translated as follows. 42 Hideto ITO (27) ceng2 qie1-zhuo2 zhe3 ge4 wu2 zi1 fou3(60b) once cut-durative this classifier Mu character interrogative (27’) ’alai ’i mu’- q dzA’ –to saki-toso-ni’ia once this Mu-genitive character-also cut-exclamatory-interrogative Did you once cut this Mu? (28) zhu2-zhuo2 ke1-zhuo2(29a) poke-ing knock-ing (28’) mas-tAl-a one another-strike-converb Striking each other The above two cases are translated regardless of the telic marker {-zhuo2}.

Throughout this paper, words or word-combinations will be represented by < > when discussed as linguistic units and by “ ” when appearing in sentences. 1. Words, Sentences, and Linguistic Fields (ene-cang, gengo-ba) There are several important matters to go over. First, in its lexicographic form, the verb , for example, is eternally abstract and can only be called an utterance when it appears in sentence form. That is to say, words are visible in utterances after they take form within sentences.

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